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Kolam Tribes in Adilabad, telangana

Discover Adilabad’s Tribal Heritage : An Insight into Villages and Traditions (2024)

Nestled in the northern region of Telangana, India, Adilabad is a district that exudes an aura of mystique with its rich tribal heritage. Known for its lush forests, breathtaking waterfalls, and the vibrant culture of its indigenous communities, Adilabad offers a unique window into the lives of tribes whose traditions and customs have stood the test of time. This article takes you on a journey through the tribal villages of Adilabad, exploring their deep-rooted traditions and the captivating simplicity of their lifestyle.

The Tribal Tapestry of Adilabad:

Adilabad is home to various tribal groups, including the Gonds, Kolams, and Thotties, each contributing to the district’s cultural mosaic. These tribes, predominantly forest dwellers, have a symbiotic relationship with their natural surroundings, evident in their lifestyle, rituals, and art forms.

1. Gond Villages – A Glimpse into Tradition and Art:

The Gonds, one of the largest tribal groups in India, are renowned for their vibrant Gond art – a reflection of man’s close connection with his environment. Villages like Indervelli and Utnoor are hubs where this art form thrives. Walking through these villages, one can see the colorful paintings adorning the walls of mud houses, illustrating tales of nature, folklore, and deities.

2. Kolam Tribes – Simplicity and Spirituality:

In the more remote parts of Adilabad like Sirpur and Asifabad, the Kolam tribes reside. They are known for their simplistic lifestyle and spiritual practices. Their rituals, often centered around nature worship, are a testament to their belief system that respects and cherishes the natural world.

3. Thotti Tribes – The Bamboo Craftsmen:

The Thotties, skilled in bamboo craft, live in harmony with the dense forests of Adilabad. A visit to their villages is a chance to witness the creation of intricate bamboo products, which are not only a source of livelihood but also a representation of their artistic expression.

Cultural Celebrations and Rituals:

Each tribe in Adilabad celebrates its own set of festivals and rituals. One of the most significant celebrations is the ‘Nagoba Jatara’, a tribal fair held annually. This event, mainly celebrated by the Mesram clan of the Gond tribe, is a confluence of dance, music, and traditional rituals.

The Perini Munda festival, celebrated by the Gonds, honors their ancestors and seeks blessings for a bountiful harvest. The Sammakka Saralamma Jatara, a grand tribal festival attracting pilgrims from across the region, pays homage to the goddesses Sammakka and Saralamma. And the Pola festival, celebrated by all tribal communities, marks the commencement of the agricultural season, with bullock carts adorned with colorful decorations and paraded through the villages.

Unveiling the Treasures of Tribal Art and Crafts

Adilabad’s tribal communities are renowned for their artistic expressions, creating exquisite handicrafts that embody their deep connection to nature and their cultural heritage. The Gonds are skilled in pottery, creating functional and decorative pieces adorned with intricate designs. The Kolams are masters of wall paintings, using natural pigments to depict scenes from their mythology and daily life. The Pardhans are known for their musical instruments, such as the dhol and the dholak, while the Naikpods create exquisite handloom textiles and intricate basketry.

Lifestyle and Cuisine:

The tribal cuisine of Adilabad, primarily influenced by forest produce, includes dishes made from millets, forest vegetables, and meat. A typical meal in a tribal household is a blend of simplicity and nutrition, cooked over firewood, which adds a distinct smokiness to the food.

Preservation of Tribal Heritage:

In recent years, efforts have been made to preserve the unique tribal heritage of Adilabad. This includes promoting tribal art forms and facilitating better education and healthcare for tribal communities. Initiatives have also been taken to boost eco-tourism, which in turn helps in sustaining the tribes economically.

Tourist Experience in Adilabad:

For tourists, a visit to the tribal villages of Adilabad is a humbling experience. It’s an opportunity to disconnect from the chaos of urban life and immerse oneself in the tranquility of rural landscapes. Visitors can participate in tribal dances, experience traditional meals, and even stay in tribal huts for a complete experience.


The tribal villages and traditions of Adilabad are not just tourist attractions but are vibrant testimonies of India’s diverse cultural heritage. A journey through these villages is an enlightening experience, offering insights into a world where life moves at a different pace, and where every ritual and art form has a story to tell. It’s a trip that promises not just scenic beauty but also an unforgettable cultural immersion.

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