Sweden Travel : Sweden Country Profile, Travel Information, History, Facts, Geography, Demography (2021)
Officially Sweden is also known as the Kingdom of Sweden and Nordic country, Sweden is a part of Scandinavia. Scandinavia is the northern part of Europe comprising of Norway, Finland, Denmark, and Sweden. Sweden occupies 450,295 square kilometers (173,860 square miles), and the population of Sweden is 10.3 Million. Out of the 10.3 million people, there are twenty-three percent or 2.6 million people living in Sweden who are foreign-born. Foreign-born citizens are considered immigrants. Swedish law considers a child born in Sweden as an immigrant if parents are foreign-born. The population density in Sweden is low, and about 22 inhabitants per square kilometer (57/sq mi). The word Sweden was used to describe the ethnic tribe that was emerging as great power in northern Europe in the 17th century.
1. History of Sweden-
12,000 BC- Fisherman and hunters migrated from the southern part of Scandinavia and northern section of Europe to and settled in scattered colonies.
98 AD- The written description of the land of Sweden as well as stories of soldiers and warships.
2nd century- Written script
6th century- Several written documents describe the character of Swedish people, weapons and horses
8th to 11th century- Known as Viking age. Swedish warriers were known as Viking. The people of the army from Sweden, known as Viking, captured lands across east and south of Sweden. The countries occupied were Finland, Norway, Denmark, Finland, Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, across the Black sea to Baghdad.
12th century- Swedish sea people known as Norsemen. Independent Swedish country
14th century- Black death 33% of the population died, financial disaster, and become part of Scandinavian Kalmer Union in 1397.
15th century- In 1523, left Scandinavian Kalmer Union
16th – 18th century- Swedish empire, most powerful Swedish army, and political skill. The population of Sweden doubles between 1750 and 1850. The only job available was on-farm, and most were working in agricultural fields. Unemployment resulted in mass poverty and immigration to the United States. More than one million people emigrated to the USA.
18th and 19th century- Lost Finland to Russia.
19th and 20th century- Sweden was slowly starting to be an industrial country much behind other European countries. The expansion of industrial jobs and increased manufacturing was slow but effective during the mid 20th century.